Shalom! My name is Adam Pastor

Welcome to ADONI MESSIAH which means
"My Lord Messiah" -
a fitting epithet to who Jesus (or Yeshua) is!

Here, I attempt to present the Apostolic Truths according to the Scriptures, that there is
One GOD, the Father, namely, YAHWEH,
and One Lord, GOD's only begotten Son,
Yeshua the Messiah.

And that one day YAHWEH will send His Son back to Earth to inaugurate the Everlasting Kingdom of GOD


Monday, February 26, 2007

Concerning 'another deity' and the 'word' - PART 1

Greetings ...
I am going to emphasize on two main points made in your last posts.
I believe that these are the two main hurdles that need to be tackled.
It appears that you maybe inclined towards a binitarian point of view ...
because in one breath, you agree with me that there is solely ONE GOD who has no 'co-equal' ...
yet you insist that Jesus must be deity ...
hence we end up with 'two deities'!!
Now the point I will attempt to make is that this viewpoint cannot be based upon the Hebrew Bible.
That is, maybe from a Western mindset ... this conclusion can be arrived ... maybe also from a Gentile source ...
However, from the Scriptures that the OT saints, the patriarchs, the prophets, Jesus of Nazareth, the Apostles, quoted from, studied, and read ...
such a conclusion cannot be arrived ... that is, that there are two deities,
whether co-equal or otherwise!
You see, when one reads the Bible, one must read it with an Hebrew mindset.
Even the New Testament, although written in Greek, it was still written with a Hebrew mindset, a Hebrew viewpoint.
The theology had NOT changed. The Theology of the Old Testament was the very same in the New Testament.
The ONE GOD had not changed. He was the GOD of Abraham, Isaac, & Jacob; who spoke through Moses, that He was going to raise up a Prophet like Moses from the children of Israel; therefore in the NT, GOD kept His promise and the man Christ Jesus was conceived in the womb of Mary according to the flesh, of the seed of David
[Acts 13.32-33, Rom 1.3];
thus the ONE GOD was now not only the GOD of the fathers, He was also the GOD & Father of the Lord Jesus Christ;
Jesus called his Father,
the only true GOD [John 17.3] & the 'only' GOD [John 5.44].
The theology was the same. There was still solely ONE GOD, ONE Deity ... who had brought into existence, the man Messiah Jesus ...
thus ONE GOD, ONE Lord i.e. the ONE GOD and the ONE man whom the ONE GOD had made, alone, Lord & Christ.
YAHWEH GOD still is alone ... the only GOD ... OT Theology had not changed!
Jesus the Messiah, GOD's son ... is alone, Lord & Messiah [1 Cor 8.6]
Therefore, when one reads the Bible, one must try to read it without any preconceived notions (yeah, I know that is very difficult when one has been schooled beforehand in church) and with the mindset that the OT saints would read it.
Norman Snaith makes the following points concerning what we are up against when reading the Bible from 'the orthodox mainstream Christian' point of view ...
"Our position is that the reinterpretation of Biblical theology in terms of the ideas of the Greek philosophers has been widespread throughout the centuries and everywhere destructive to the essence of the Christian faith ... Neither Catholic nor Protestant theology is based on Biblical theology. In each case we have a dominion of Christian theology by Greek thought ... We hold that there can be no right (theology) until we have come to a clear view of the distinctive ideas of both Old and New Testaments and their difference from the pagan ideas which have so largely dominated "Christian" thought ..."
Snaith states that the confusing of Greek ideas with the pure Hebrew heritage of Scripture began as early as the 2nd century CE ...
"... it arose from the fact that these scholars [Clement of Alexandria & Origen] were Hellenists first and Christians second. It was furthered by the fact that all until Jerome tended to read the Greek Bible as a Greek book and with Hellenistic eyes. ... The result of this has been that from a very early stage, Christianity itself has tended to suffer from a translation out of the Prophets and into Plato."

(The above cited from N.H. Snaith, The Distinctive Ideas of the Old Testament, London: The Epworth Press, 1944, p.187-188, 161.)
Douglas Lockhart goes on to say ...
"Because a Church Council composed of people like Athanasius had said so, Jesus was no longer the Jewish Messiah, the Suffering Servant of Isaiah, the Archetypal man ... he was the alien Jewish God shoe-horned into a physical body and let loose as a refurbished pagan deity of monstrous proportions."
(Douglas Lockhart, Jesus the Heretic: Freedom and Bondage in a Religious World, Melbourne, Victoria: Element, p. 131)
Hmm! Strong words. But it does sum up what has happened & what we are up against.
However, I contend that the OT Scriptures prophesied that the Messiah would be the Archetypal man, a human being, supernaturally endowed by Almighty GOD, however, nonetheless a human being, a man not deity ... born of a human mother ... and that the NT Scriptures verify that Jesus of Nazareth is indeed that man! Who died, was raised from death, immortalized & exalted by the ONE GOD of the Scriptures, and is now at GOD's right hand; being made Lord & Christ & mediator between the ONE GOD, the ONE DEITY, and mankind.
My point is that Scripturally there cannot be any other deity except the ONE GOD, YAHWEH ... known in the NT as the Father ...
Deity means GOD ...
  1. A god or goddess.
  1. The essential nature or condition of being a god; divinity.
  2. Deity God. Used with the.
From Webster's Dictionary, 1913 :-

1. The collection of attributes which make up the nature of a god; divinity; godhead; as, the deity of the Supreme Being is seen in his works.

2. A god or goddess; a heathen god.


Using the above definitions
Let us, begin with the Scriptures ...
  • (Deu 4:35) Unto thee it was showed, that thou mightest know that YAHWEH he is God; there is none else beside him.
  • (Deu 4:39) Know therefore this day, and consider it in thine heart, that YAHWEH he is God in heaven above, and upon the earth beneath: there is none else.
  • (Deu 32:12) So YAHWEH alone did lead him, and there was no strange god with him.
  • (Deu 32:39) See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me...
  • (1 Sam 2:2) There is none holy as YAHWEH: for there is none beside thee: neither is there any rock like our God.
  • (1 Ki 8:60) That all the people of the earth may know that YAHWEH is God, and that there is none else.
  • (Psa 83:18) That men may know that thou, whose name alone is YAHWEH, art the most high over all the earth.
  • (Isa 37:16) O YAHWEH of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, ...
  • (Isa 37:20) Now therefore, O YAHWEH our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou art YAHWEH, even thou only.
  • (Isa 43:10-12) Ye are my witnesses, saith YAHWEH, and my servant whom I have chosen: that ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am he: before me there was no God formed, neither shall there be after me. 11 I, even I, am YAHWEH; and beside me there is no saviour. 12 I have declared, and have saved, and I have showed, when there was no strange god among you: therefore ye are my witnesses, saith YAHWEH, that I am God.
  • (Isa 44:8) ... Is there a God beside me? yea, there is no God; I know not any.
  • (Isa 44:24) Thus saith YAHWEH, thy redeemer, and he that formed thee from the womb, I am YAHWEH that maketh all things; that stretcheth forth the heavens alone; that spreadeth abroad the earth by myself;
  • (Isa 45:5-6) I am YAHWEH, and there is none else, there is no God beside me: ... 6 That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside me. I am YAHWEH, and there is none else.
  • (Isa 45:18) For thus saith YAHWEH that created the heavens; God himself that formed the earth and made it; he hath established it, he created it not in vain, he formed it to be inhabited: I am YAHWEH; and there is none else.
  • (Isa 46:9) Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me,
  • (Mal 2:10) Have we not all one father? hath not one God created us? ?
Remember, I desire you to look at these scriptures from a Hebrew point of view. To the Hebrews, there was solely ONE GOD, ONE deity! There was no other god, no other deity besides YAHWEH.
Can you see my point? The Hebrews/Jews simply had no concept of another deity besides (or alongside) YAHWEH.
To them there was simply ONE GOD, ONE deity, whose name alone was YAHWEH, who alone & by Himself had created everything; who alone was GOD in Heaven & earth; who knew no other god/deity besides Him; who neither formed one before Him neither was to form one after Him, etc., etc., ...
Therefore, if we Westerners, centuries after ... have derived a concept that there is yet another deity besides YAHWEH, whether co-equal or not, ... we did not derive this concept from the Scriptures.
NO! We have derived it from as Snaith suggested, Hellenistic/pagan sources!!
With an Hellenistic mind, it is easy to introduce another deity & read this meaning into the Bible; since, the Greeks had a pantheon of gods/deities i.e. deities who incarnated, deities who came down in the likeness of men, deities who died, deities who were resurrected, etc ...
And history shows that this is exactly what Hellenistic-minded philosopher-turned-christian men did; they introduced such ideas, such concepts; turning the Logos which is simply the Greek word for 'a word, a teaching, a statement, a thought expressed, etc' into a pre-existing person/deity alongside the ONE GOD of the OT; the council of Nicaea took this to the next level i.e. making this 'Jesus who is God the Logos' into a co-equal deity with GOD the Father; and then in the process of time, the Council of Constantinople introduced another deity, God the Holy Spirit; and yet somehow in their Greek minds
made all three, one???
Again, I must iterate, that such reasoning could not have been developed by taking the Scriptures literally; this second deity was introduced by reading pagan thoughts, (Neo-)Platonism and other Hellenistic-sourced concepts into Scripture.
Now, without a doubt the word 'god' in Hebrew, that is, the words elohim & el; are not used solely in regards to Almighty GOD!
These words are also used to denote the ONE GOD's agents, the ONE GOD's representatives,
i.e. angels [Exo 15.11, Ps. 86.8 (cp. 89.6), 97.7] and human judges [Exo 7.1, 21.6, 22.8,9,28; Psa 82] ... however these words are never used in Scripture to denote other deities except to point out that they are indeed false gods, false deities, idols!
Why? Because there is in reality, no other god/deity next to
Thus, elohim & el; are used to sometimes describe angelic & human beings.
And we know that Jesus is NOT an angelic being. [Heb 1.4-5, 13; 2.5] 
Leaving one class of being ... human.
Using Psalms 82 and the fact that the word 'god/elohim' is sometimes used to denote the ONE GOD's agents;
Jesus informs us and his audience, in what sense, the word 'god/elohim/theos' can be used to denote Christ!
Psalms 82 is about human beings, human judges, who although called gods by GOD Himself via His unbroken word; they have not been obedient to their calling ... they have not judged correctly with justice & equity.
Therefore, how much more he whom the ONE GOD has sanctified and commissioned to be the Judge of the Living & the Dead;
he whom GOD as foreordained to be the king of GOD's Coming Kingdom, how much more is such a man truly fitting especially after his total obedience to the death of cross; how much more fitting for him to be conferred the title 'god' ...
being truly the ultimate Representative of the Righteous GOD; he who is truly a righteous judge because he judges according to GOD's righteous will ... he is truly 'god' in the way that the men of Psalms 82 were meant to be. GOD's word cannot be broken!
This describes therefore the 'godhood' that Jesus indeed possesses ...
  • however, in the same way that angels are sometimes called gods and are yet NOT deity
  • in the same way that human judges are sometimes called gods and are yet NOT deity
  • in like manner, the Messiah is at least twice called god in the NT; however he is NOT deity;
    just as Moses [Exo 4.16, 7.1] who was made god was NOT deity;
    GOD did indeed say he would raise up a Prophet like unto Moses.
Hence, Thomas's confession of John 20.28 ...
This testimony is bracketed between
  1. (John 20:17) Jesus saith unto her, Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father; and to my God, and your God. ... and ...
  2. (John 20:31) But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.

This was the reason behind John's Gospel ... to convince the readers that Jesus of Nazareth was indeed the Messiah, GOD's Son.
Note he did not write esp. in light of v. 28 ... these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is GOD!
John was a monotheistic Jew. Like Jesus (Mark 12:29) and the rest of the GOD-fearing Jews he believed in solely ONE GOD, the ONE GOD of the Sh'ma ... YAHWEH.
He was not writing to convince his audience that the Messiah was indeed Deity; as later Hellenists tried to by reading these foreign ideas into his gospel.
No! John was writing to convince his readers that Jesus of Nazareth was the Messiah as promised in the OT writings.
(Always remember, throughout their exegesis, the Apostles used solely the OT [the Hebrew Bible] ... the NT was not compiled yet)
Before Thomas, was the risen Jesus. GOD had indeed raised him from the dead just like Jesus said GOD would!
Seeing the risen Messiah, Thomas therefore said ...
(John 20:28) And Thomas answered and said unto him, My Lord and my God.
Now Jesus was indeed the Lord, the adoni spoken of in Psalms 110.1 (remember in all of its 195 instances including Psalms 110:1, the word adoni is never used to denote deity ... for ref., see
What of the phrase, my God?
Well we have seen what GOD did to Moses ...

(Exo 4:16) And he [Aaron] shall be thy [Moses] spokesman unto the people: and he shall be, even he shall be to thee a mouth, and thou shalt be to him God.

(Exo 7:1) And YAHWEH said unto Moses, See, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet.
Aaron was the spokesman & prophet of Moses; and in effect, Moses was God both to Aaron & Pharaoh!
Moses was Aaron's God!! Of course this is only correct in the context of the Jewish's law of agency; that is, Moses was Almighty GOD's agent in regards to Aaron & Pharaoh.
We have seen Jesus' usage of Psalms 82 where the judges are called gods (both Hebrew words, el & elohim are used). The judges being GOD's agents who were to judge in GOD's stead. Hence they are called elohim just as the judges in Exo. 7.1, 21.6, 22.8,9,28. (Compare 2 Chr 19.5-6)
And let us not forget Psalms 45.

(Psa 45) ... My heart is inditing a good matter: I speak of the things which I have made touching the king: my tongue is the pen of a ready writer. 2 Thou art fairer than the children of men: grace is poured into thy lips: therefore God hath blessed thee for ever. 3 Gird thy sword upon thy thigh, O most mighty [Heb. gibbor], with thy glory and thy majesty. ...
Thy throne, O God [Heb. elohim], is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre. 7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. 8 All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad. 9 Kings' daughters were among thy honourable women: upon thy right hand did stand the queen in gold of Ophir. 10 Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house; 11 So shall the king greatly desire thy beauty: for he is thy Lord [Heb. adon]; and worship thou him. 12 And the daughter of Tyre shall be there with a gift; even the rich among the people shall entreat thy favour. ...

This Psalm is about a human king ... a Messianic king ...
The Jews who read this psalm never imagined at anytime that this psalm was speaking of a deity! NO! It is speaking of a great, highly exalted human king. A king who is called God/elohim by the ONE GOD, whom the ONE GOD would anoint with an anointing above all his fellows! A king whom the ONE GOD would establish his throne for ever
(sound familiar ... e.g. 2 Sam 7.16, Isa 9.7).
A king who would be exalted and made 'lord' i.e. 'adon' causing the people to worship him even as people did to the kings of Israel in times past (e.g. 1 Chr 29.20, 1 Kin 1.16, 23, 31, 53, etc. Same Hebrew word shachah used for worship translated worship, bow down, do reverence/obeisance, etc). They ought to show him such reverence/worship because this king is both lord [45.11] & god [45.6]. Even the writer of Hebrews quotes this psalm when showing the supremacy of Jesus as
the Lord Messiah denoting that he fulfils this psalm as the Messiah, GOD's Son.
[Heb. 1.8-9]

In light of Psalms 45, John 20.28 becomes a Messianic confession. Because of his resurrection, Thomas finally believes that Jesus of Nazareth is indeed the Messiah, GOD's Son. Hence, he is Thomas' lord & god; just as the king spoken of in Psalms 45 is lord & god! ... yet never meaning deity.

There is solely ONE DEITY, YAHWEH ... the Messiah is YAHWEH's human son.


Part 2 concerning the word/logos to follow.